Remove the white parts from the oranges. Slice the oranges crosswise into rounds ¼-inch thick or cut along both sides of each membrane with a paring knife to remove the segments, allowing them to drop into the bowl. Discard any seeds. Place in a serving bowl.
In a medium l bowl, combine the water with brown sugar or panela mix well until the sugar dissolves. Add the orange juice, scallions, hot pepper, salt and pepper.
Add the dressing to the oranges mix well and place in the refrigerator for about 15 minutes before serving. Serve cold.